Professor of Law and Judge Raymond J. Dearie Scholar
Steve Gold
Rutgers Law School
S.I. Newhouse Center for Law and Justice
123 Washington Street
Newark, NJ 07102

Steve C. Gold is an environmental lawyer with extensive litigation experience. He focuses his scholarship on toxic torts and hazardous substance regulation and cleanup. Before joining the law school, he was senior attorney in the Environmental Enforcement Section of the U.S. Department of Justice. A former articles editor of the Yale Law Journal, he clerked for U.S. District Judge Raymond J. Dearie of New York after graduating from Yale Law School.

  • Biography
  • Publications
  • Expertise

Professor Gold earned an A.B. cum laude in biology from Harvard College and a J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was an articles editor of the Yale Law Journal and a supervising student in the clinical program. After law school he clerked for U.S. District Judge Raymond J. Dearie, Eastern District of New York. In 1989 he joined the Environment & Natural Resources Division of the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, DC. He held the position of senior attorney, Environmental Enforcement Section, before joining the law school in 2007.

 His major cases included trials or settlements relating to hazardous waste sites under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act as well as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act; single and multiple-facility Clean Air Act cases; and appellate matters under several environmental statutes. During his tenure at the Department of Justice, he received numerous service awards from both the department and the Environmental Protection Agency.

Professor Gold teaches Environmental Law, Administrative Law, and Torts. His scholarship focuses on toxic torts and hazardous substance regulation and cleanup. Recently he has explored the potential of genomics to help resolve claims that toxic exposures caused illness. Professor Gold’s work has appeared in the Harvard Environmental Law Review, the Washington & Lee Law Review, and the Encyclopedia of Toxicology. It has been cited by numerous courts, including the United States Courts of Appeals for the Third, Fifth, Seventh, and Eight Circuits, the supreme courts of Texas and New Jersey, and the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 


A Practical Introduction to Environmental Law (with Joel A. Mintz, John C. Dernbach, Kalyani Robbins, Clifford Villa, and Wendy E. Wagner), Carolina Academic Press (2017)

“Epidemiologic Evidence in Toxic Torts” (with Green, M.D. and Sanders, J.) in Forensic Epidemiology: Principles & Practice (Michael Freeman & Maurice Zeegers, eds.), Elsevier Inc., Academic Press (2016)

Scientific Evidence of Factual Causation: An Educational Module (with Green, Michael D. and Sanders, Joseph), Committee on Preparing the Next Generation of Policy Makers for Science-Based Decisions, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine (Oct. 2016)

  “Drywall Mud and Muddy Doctrine: How Not to Decide a Multiple-Exposure Mesothelioma Case,” Indiana Law Review (49 Ind. L. Rev. 117, 2015)

 “Toxic Torts” (with Green, M.D.) in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Wexler, P., ed.), 3rd edition vol. 4, Elsevier Inc., Academic Press (2014) 

“A Fitting Vision of Science for the Courtroom,” Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy (3 Wake Forest J.L. & Pol’y 1, 2013)

“When Certainty Dissolves Into Probability: A Legal Vision of Toxic Causation for the Post-Genomic Era,” Washington & Lee Law Review (70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 237, 2013)

“Revisiting Relative Risk Rules: Garza, Blanchard, and the Ever Evolving Role of Epidemiologic Proof in Toxic Tort Cases” (PDF), BNA Product Safety & Liability Reporter, 40 PSLR 50, 1/9/12

“The ‘Reshapement’ of the False Negative Asymmetry in Toxic Tort Causation,” William Mitchell Law Review (37 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 1507, 2011) 

“The More We Know, the Less Intelligent We Are? — How Genomic Information Should, and Should Not, Change Toxic Tort Causation Doctrine” in the Harvard Environmental Law Review (34 Harv. Envtl.L. Rev. 369, 2010) (This article was listed in the January 2011 Defense Counsel Journal’s “Reviewing the Law Reviews” article presenting “a selective bibliography of current law review literature thought to be of interest to civil defense counsel.”)

 “Dis-Jointed? Several Approaches to Divisibility After Burlington Northern” in the Vermont Journal of Environmental Law (11 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 307, 2009)

  • Environmental Law
  • Products Liability
  • Science (Law &)
  • Statutory Interpretation and Legislation
  • Torts