Assistant Professor of Law
Adnan Zulfiqar
Camden Campus
217 N 5th St
Camden, NJ 08102
(856) 225-6370

Adnan Zulfiqar specializes in criminal law, Islamic law and laws of war. He previously drafted penal codes for the Maldives and Somalia, and currently researches legal obligation and revolutionary law. He regularly provides expert media commentary for various outlets, is proficient in multiple languages and has spent over a decade in the Middle East, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Biography
  • Publications
  • Expertise

Adnan Zulfiqar's scholarship centers on better understanding the theoretical and practical dynamics of legal change in domestic and global contexts. His interdisciplinary approach particularly relies on legal history, including historical roots of the present, to uncover potential conflicts and innovations for legal reform. Zulfiqar’s primary fields of inquiry are criminal law, the laws of war (IHL) and Islamic law. In criminal law, his work explores questions on criminal codification, over-criminalization, and abuse of authority. In Islamic law, he focuses on the formulation, evolution and application of Islamic legal concepts, with particular emphasis on legal obligation in times of war and revolution.

Before joining the faculty at Rutgers, Zulfiqar was a George Sharswood Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and a Harry F. Guggenheim Fellow. He previously consulted with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Development Law Organization (IDLO), helping draft penal codes and commentaries for the Federal Republic of Somalia and the Republic of the Maldives. Zulfiqar also worked as an Associate in the Investigations, White Collar and Fraud Group at Hogan Lovells, LLP (Washington, D.C.) and was a Legislative Staffer for U.S. Senator Max Cleland (D-GA). He is currently a Fellow at the Truman National Security Project.

Zulfiqar received his J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School and has an M.L.S. in International Affairs (Georgetown) and M.A. in Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations (UPenn). He is currently completing his Ph.D. dissertation on collective duties in Islamic law, with a specific focus on jihad and social responsibility, at the University of Pennsylvania. 


Claiming Jurisdiction over Jihad: Islamic Law & Its Duty to Fight, 120 W. Va. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2018)

Revolutionary Islamic Jurisprudence: A Restatement of the Arab Spring49 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 43 (2017)

Codifying Shari’a: International Norms, Legality & Freedom to Invent New Forms, 2 J. Comp. L. 1 (U.K.)(2007)(Co-authored with Paul H. Robinson et. al.).

Of Neocolonialism, Common Law and Uncodifiable Shari’a: A Reply to Professor An-Na’im, 2 J. Comp. L. 61 (U.K.)(2007)(with Paul H. Robinson).

Religious Sanctification of Labor Law: Islamic Labor Principles and Model Provisions, 9 J. Bus. L. 421 (2007).


  • Criminal Law
  • International Law (Public)
  • Islamic Law
  • Legal History